Nikon has developed a habit of making very attractive entry level DSLRs which are cleverly designed so that they are enjoyable to shoot with. Arriving on the market in September 2010, the Nikon D3100 is no exception to this trend. This camera stands as a great startup camera. In fact, It was designed in a way that makes it easy and enjoyable for those who are new to photography and wish to learn the basics.
Key Features of the Nikon D3100
- 14.2 megapixels
- Image sensor cleaning
- ISO 100-3200 range
- 1080/24p video recording
The D3100 remains today one of the most pleasant to hold cameras in its class. It is a small camera but it is very comfortable to use. As all starter DSLRs, the D3100 is more compact than a professional camera. However, the body feels solid as it is light yet robust. When attached to the 18-55mm kit lens, the camera as a whole feels good and not obviously plastic-y.
The most noticeable change to the D3100 is the addition of live view lever and movie record button on the the rear of the camera. They’re positioned in such a way that it is easily accessible and that there is little risk of activate it accidentally. Nikon has also added two ports to the D3100. The camera has in fact a USB, an HDMI connector, AV sockets and a connector for the GP1 GPS unit, which doubles as a socket for the MC-DC2 remote control.
A new battery was provided for the camera, the EN-EL14. It has a very similar capacity to the one used in the D3000 but offers a slightly higher voltage. Nikon has also added a drive mode switch which offers single, continuous, self timer and the now standard Nikon’s ‘quiet mode’. The D3100 shows significant improvements compared to its predecessor, and whilst there is more features that could have been added, this camera stands as a great start up camera for any photography enthusiast.
The D3100 screen is displayed as soon as you turn the camera on. If the screen has switched itself off, pressing any button or lightly touching the shutter release will put it back on. The setup menu allows the user to select the information display preferred. As such, the information displayed provides an overview of almost all the camera settings, and gives the user direct access to any of these via the ‘i’ button on the camera’s rear.
In both Graphic and Classic screens, pressing the ‘i’ allows the user to edit these parameters. The ‘Guide Mode’ was introduced in the D3000 and adapted for the D3100. It is designed to simplify the operation of the camera for the benefit of those new to DSLRs, without taking all the control away from them.
The ‘Advanced’ setting only nudges the photographer towards controlling wether the aperture or the shutter speed (using the specific setting mode). Both of these settings are skinned with a simplified interface, which allows the user to slowly learn how to take control the diverse settings of a DSLR.
Still images in the D3100 are sharp and of great quality. When paired with a great lens, the D3100 provides sharp and vivid images.
Default images out of the D3100 with the kit lens were quite good, however the standard color setting can be a little too saturated depending on the photographer’s taste. However, when putting the camera on the ‘neutral’ setting, the images come out with a more accurate representation of what is photographed. Additionally, the white balance does a decent job. The camera offers incandescent, seven types of fluorescent, direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade and preset manual settings, but no Kelvin temperature option.
The image quality at high ISO such as 12800 and 1600 shows a loss of detail. But while the drop is apparent, the camera is still doing very well.
Autofocus and Lenses
Like the other Nikon entry-level cameras, the D3100 does not have an in-body autofocus motor, which makes focusing performance highly dependent on the lens used. This also means that the camera will not focus non-AF-S Nikkor lenses or third-party lenses which lack an built-in motor.
Just like in all DSLRs, the D3100 uses two different autofocus methods: ‘phase detect AF’ for normal eye-level shooting and ‘contrast detect AF’ when in live view. The former os faster as it is what the lenses’ AF motor systems are designed for. The 3D-tracking mode is pretty effective at tracking moving subjects. However, the ‘contrast detect AF’ is more flexible focus-point placement. With the standard kit lens, the focus speed is fairly average. However, using a better lens shows the true benefits of the D3100’s AF systems. In comparison with other DSLRs, live view’s autofocus is relatively fast and very accurate.
Another feature added to the D3100 is the continuous autofocus more for live view and movies that attempts to keep moving subject in focus. One problem with this method is that when shooting movies, the internal microphone, being positioned in the camera’s shoulder close to the lens, picks up any noise from the autofocus monitor.
How Does the Nikon D3100 Compare?
|Nikon D3100||Canon 1300D|
|Sensors||14.2 MP, APS-C sensor||17.9 MP, APS-C Sensor|
|Weight||505 g||485 g|
|Video capability||1080/24p Video||1080/30p Video|
|ISO range||ISO 100-3200 (100-12800)||ISO 100-12800 (100-25600)|
This model, considering its price, does offer a lot of features for DSLRs. While there are features that could have made the camera nicer, such as a tilting LCD screen, the camera offers a great range of features for a decent price.
The kit lens (18-55mm) can be no match for a dedicated prime, but is not bad at all. For an entry level camera, this combo offers to photography enthusiast to get a taste of what can be manipulated on a DSLR. The low light performance of this camera is quite impressive considering its price. Image noise/grain only become highly noticeable when at ISO12800, which makes it a great start for low light photography.
Overall, this camera emphasizes ease of use and offers must-have technology in photography. It provides a gentle hand holding and allows for the less experienced to up their photography game. The D3100 feels solidly constructed. It is fast and responsive and is capable of providing some shape and colorful images while being fairly priced. As such, the D3100 is a great choice for anyone who does not own a DSLR, but desires a more professional look.